Lexicon of Linguistic Terms


AAVE
African American Vernacular English

Accent
pronunciation feature of a dialect

BEV
Black English Vernacular

Bidialectal
possessing the ability to speak two different dialects

Bilingual
possessing the ability to communicate in two languages

Creole
a language derived from other existing languages that becomes the primary language of the people who speak it

Creole Hypothesis
the idea that modern AAVE derived from a hybrid of English and West African languages

Decreolization
change in a creole that makes it more like the standard language of an area

Dialect
a language variety used by and characteristic of a particular social group; for example dialects can be characteristic of regional, ethnic, socioeconomic, or gender groups

Dialect Hypothesis
the idea that modern AAVE is derived from incorrectly learned English

Ebonics
another term for AAVE. Although it is a current "buzz-word" in the media, the term is more than 20 years old. Most Linguists prefer AAVE or Black English.

Grammar
1) the study of sentence structure, esp. with refrence to syntax and morphology 2) systematic account of the rules governing language in general

Idiolect (ideolect)
the linguistic system of an individual speaker

Jargon
1) the technical language of a special field 2) the obscure use of a specialized language

Morphology
study of word structure, esp. in terms of morphemes

Phonetics
science of speech sounds, esp. of their production, transmission and reception

Phonology
study of sound systems of a language

Pidgin
a language composed of two or more languages created for the purpose of communication, usually around trade centers, between people who do not speak a common language. It is never a person's primary language

Pragmatics
study of factors influencing a person's choice of language

SE
Standard English

Semantics
study of linguistic meaning

Slang
1) informal, nonstandard vocabulary 2) the jargon of a special group

Standard English
the "text book" language spoken by many Americans that is sometimes referred to as "the Language of Wider Communication"

Syntax
1) study of word combinations 2) study of sentence structure (including word structure)

Variety
any language,dialect, or register